Parenting (or child rearing) is the process of promoting and supporting the physical, emotional, social, and intellectual development of a child from infancy to adulthood. Parenting refers to the aspects of raising a child aside from the biological relationship. Parenting is usually done by the biological parents of the child in question, although governments and society take a role as well. In many cases, orphaned or abandoned children receive parental care from non-parent blood relations. Others may be adopted, raised in foster care, or placed in an orphanage.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a developmental disorder. It is characterized primarily by "the co-existence of attentional problems and hyperactivity, with each behavior occurring infrequently alone" and symptoms starting before seven years of age. ADHD is the most commonly studied and diagnosed psychiatric disorder in children, affecting about 3 to 5 percent of children globally and diagnosed in about 2 to 16 percent of school-aged children.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorderPsychiatric diagnosisAttention-deficit hyperactivity disorderEducational psychologyAttention disordersEmotional and behavioral disorders in childhood and adolescenceChildhood psychiatric disordersAttention
Foster care is the term used for a system in which a minor who has been made a ward is placed in the private home of a state certified caregiver referred to as a "foster parent". The state via the family court and child protection agency stand in loco parentis to the minor, making all legal decisions while the foster parent is responsible for the day-to-day care of said minor. The foster parent is remunerated by the state for their services.
Foster careAdoption forms and related practicesFamilyFoster careAdoption, fostering, orphan care and displacement
A single parent usually refers to a parent who has most of the day to day responsibilities in the raising of the child or children, which would categorize them as the dominant caregiver who is not living with a spouse or partner, or those who are not married. The dominant caregiver is the parent in which the children have residency with the majority of the time; if the parents are separated or divorced children live with their custodial parent and have visitation with their noncustodial parent.
Single parentLiving arrangementsParenting
A parent is a caretaker of the offspring in their own species. In humans, a parent is of a child (where "child" refers to offspring, not necessarily age). Children can have one or more parents, but they must have two biological parents. Biological parents consist of the male who sired the child and the female who gave birth to the child. In all human societies, the biological mother and father are both responsible for raising their young.
Parenting (or child rearing) is the process of promoting and supporting the physical, emotional, social, and intellectual development of a child from infancy to adulthood. Parenting refers to the aspects of raising a child aside from the biological relationship. Parenting is usually done by the biological parents of the child in question, although governments and society take a role as well. In many cases, orphaned or abandoned children receive parental care from non-parent blood relations.
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) assessment is a psychometric questionnaire designed to measure psychological preferences in how people perceive the world and make decisions. These preferences were extrapolated from the typological theories proposed by Carl Gustav Jung and first published in his 1921 book Psychological Types (English edition, 1923). The original developers of the personality inventory were Katharine Cook Briggs and her daughter, Isabel Briggs Myers.
Myers-Briggs Type IndicatorPersonality testsJungian traditionMBTI typesPersonality typologies
Gifted education (also known as Gifted and Talented Education, Talented and Gifted, or G/T) is a broad term for special practices, procedures and theories used in the education of children who have been identified as gifted or talented. There is no standard global definition of what a gifted student is. In 2011, the National Association of Gifted Children published a position paper that defined what a gifted student is.
Gifted educationAlternative educationGifted educationSchool terminology
LGBT parenting refers to lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender people parenting one or more children. This includes children raised by same-sex couples (same-sex parenting), children raised by single LGBT parents, and children raised by an opposite-sex couple where at least one partner is LGBT. LGBT people can become parents through various means including current or former relationships, coparenting, adoption, donor insemination, and surrogacy.
LGBT parentingFamily lawLGBT rights by issueParentingSexual orientation and society
Launched in 1987 by Time Inc. , Parenting is a magazine for families published in the United States. In February 2009, the magazine became two separate, age-targeted editions: Parenting Early Years, for moms of infants, toddlers and preschoolers; and Parenting School Years, for moms with kids in kindergarten through age 12.
Parenting (magazine)Parenting magazinesAmerican magazines
A latchkey kid or latchkey child is a child who returns from school to an empty home because his or her parent or parents are away at work, or a child who is often left at home with little or no parental supervision.
Latchkey kidChildhoodPedagogyParentingEducational psychology
Child discipline is the set of rules, rewards and punishments administered to teach self control, increase desirable behaviors and decrease undesirable behaviors in children. In its most general sense, discipline refers to systematic instruction given to a disciple. To discipline thus means to instruct a person to follow a particular code of conduct.
A time-out involves temporarily separating a child from an environment where inappropriate behavior has occurred, and is intended to remove positive reinforcement of the behavior. It is an educational and parenting technique recommended by some pediatricians and developmental psychologists as an effective form of child discipline. Often a corner (hence the common term corner time) or a similar space where the child is to stand or sit during time-outs is designated.
A parenting style is a psychological construct representing standard strategies that parents use in their child rearing. There are many differing theories and opinions on the best ways to rear children, as well as differing levels of time and effort that parents are willing to invest. Parental investment starts soon after birth. This includes the process of birth, breast-feeding, affirming the value of the baby’s cry as the parent.
Slow parenting is a parenting style in which few activities are organised for children. Instead, they are allowed to explore the world at their own pace. It is a response to concerted cultivation and the widespread trend for parents to schedule activities and classes after school; to solve problems on behalf of the children, and to buy services from commercial suppliers rather than letting nature take its course.
Slow parentingSlow movementParenting
Shared parenting refers to a collaborative arrangement in child custody or divorce determinations in which the care of the children is equal or substantially shared between the biological parents.
Shared parentingChild custody
Coparenting or co-parenting describes a parenting situation where the parents are not in a marriage, cohabitation or romantic relationship with one another.
A Parenting Plan or Custody Agreement is required by the district court along with divorce paperwork when parents divorce or separate. A Parenting Plan allows parents to avoid future conflicts arising from a lack of guidelines in dealing with responsibilities relating to the children. Without specific agreements around these responsibilities disputes can arise and litigation may be needed to resolve these issues.
Parenting planChild custodyMarriage
Nurturant parent model
The nurturant parent model is a parenting style which envisions a family model where children are expected to explore their surroundings with protection from their parents. This model believes that children inherently know what they need and should be allowed to explore. The parents are responsible for protecting their child during this exploration, including protecting their child from themselves by offering guidance.
Nurturant parent modelParentingPolitical science
Re-parenting window manager
A re-parenting window manager is an X Window System window manager that adopts all other windows. In the X Window System, every window has a parent window, which may be either the root window or another window. Windows that are children of the root window are called top-level windows. When a top-level window is created, a re-parenting window manager changes its parent to be a new window created on purpose.
Re-parenting window managerX window managers
Parenting coordinator (PC) is a relatively new practice that is used, in some US states, to manage on-going issues in child custody and visitation cases by professional psychologist or a lawyer assigned by the Court. There are 10 states as of May, 2011 that have passed legislation regarding parenting coordinators: Colorado (since 2005), Idaho (2002), Louisiana (2007), New Hampshire (2009), North Carolina (2005), Oklahoma (2001), Oregon (2002), Texas (2005), Massachusetts and Florida (2009)..
Parenting coordinatorChild custody
The Complete Guide to Parenting
The Complete Guide to Parenting is an ITV comedy drama, starring Peter Davison as George Huntley, Professor of Child Psychology at London University, best-selling author of Hey Mum & Dad, Get Your Act Together and LBC resident parenting guru. He finds his so-called parenting expertise put to the test, when his wife Phoebe takes a job based in Paris. George has to hold the fort and look after his 7-year-old son Jamie, for the very first time, whilst juggling the rest of his busy life.
The Complete Guide to Parenting2000s British television seriesBritish comedy-drama television programmesITV television programmes2006 British television programme debuts
Parenting time is the amount of time each parent spends with their children when parents separate. Disagreements about how to measure it and how to divide it often cause controversy between the parents.
Parenting timeChild custody
Elizabeth Cady Stanton Pregnant and Parenting Students Act
The Elizabeth Cady Stanton Pregnant and Parenting Student Services Act would establish a pilot program to provide $10 million annually for 200 grants to encourage institutions of higher education to establish and operate a pregnant and parenting student services office. The on-campus office would serve parenting students, prospective student parents who are pregnant or imminently anticipating an adoption, and students who are placing or have placed a child for adoption.
Elizabeth Cady Stanton Pregnant and Parenting Students Act2007 in law109th United States CongressUnited States federal education legislation110th United States Congress
Parenting For Everyone
Parenting For Everyone is a book by Simon Soloveychik. "Not many of us can love children, even our own children. Not many of us are wise enough to control our own behavior. Not many of us can avoid anger and be in command of ourselves. In most cases we are tired and irritated. But children soften our hearts – by their existence, by their laughing and pranks. We just have to be brave.
Parenting For EveryoneBooks about parentingParenting
Non-Custodial Parents Party (Equal Parenting)
The Non-Custodial Parents Party (Equal Parenting) (formerly Non-Custodial Parents Party) is a small Australian political party. It has members in all states and territories of Australia. It supports less government control of many aspects of daily family life. In particular, it puts forward a number of policies in the areas of family law and child support.
Non-Custodial Parents Party (Equal Parenting)Political parties in Australia
Yale Parenting Center and Child Conduct Clinic
The Yale Parenting Center and Child Conduct Clinic is a non-profit clinic based at Yale University that offers cognitive behavior therapy for children and adolescents with behavioral disorders, as well as Parent Management Training for families. The clinic is directed by Alan E. Kazdin, Ph.D. , John M. Musser Professor of Psychology and former President of the American Psychological Association.
Yale Parenting Center and Child Conduct ClinicYale UniversityNon-profit organizations based in Connecticut
The Politically Incorrect Parenting Show
The Politically Incorrect Parenting Show was an Australian television program. It was filmed in Sydney from 16-25 February 2010. It was hosted by Nigel Latta, a New Zealand-born psychologist, who has written several books on parenting and who hosted a show by the same name in New Zealand. It aired on the Nine Network.
The Politically Incorrect Parenting ShowNine Network shows2010 Australian television series debuts2010s Australian television series2010 Australian television series endings
Parenting, Inc. : How We Are Sold on $800 Strollers, Fetal Education, Baby Sign Language, Sleeping Coaches, Toddler Couture, and Diaper Wipe Warmers -- And What It Means for Our Children is a 2008 book by American writer Pamela Paul, discussing the industry that provides goods and services to the parents of young Americans. The book has received reviews from The New York Times Book Review, New York Observer, New York Post, and Reuters.
Parenting, Inc.2008 booksBooks about parenting
Everyday Parenting curriculum
The Everyday Parenting curriculum (EPC) guides training in family management skills for parents of children ages 2–18 years. The curriculum, developed by Drs.
Everyday Parenting curriculumParenting
List of parenting issues affecting separated parents
This list identifies a range of parenting issues that affecting separated and divorced parents, that is regarding their children: Child custody Joint custody Child support through the Child Support Agency (UK or or through a family court Contact Childrens centre Enforcement of court orders Housing issues Naming the child, change of surname Parenting plan Decisions underpinning a parenting plan Parental responsibility Passports Religious issues Reporting to third parties Schools and medical issues Residence in English law Residence versus Contact Shared parenting and shared residency in English law
List of parenting issues affecting separated parentsFamily lawParentingDivorce
Shared Earning/Shared Parenting Marriage
Shared Earning/Shared Parenting Marriage, also known as Peer Marriage, is a type of marriage popular in various countries (See discussion below in "Incidence") where the partners choose at the outset of the marriage to share the work of childraising, earning money, house chores and recreation time in nearly equal fashion across all four domains.
Shared Earning/Shared Parenting MarriageMarriage
Systematic Training for Effective Parenting
Systematic Training for Effective Parenting (STEP) is a parent education program published as a series of books. STEP was developed and published by the psychologists Don Dinkmeyer Sr. , Gary D. McKay and Don Dinkmeyer Jr. The publication was supplemented by an extensive concept for training and proliferation. STEP has reached more than 4 million parents and has been translated into: Spanish, French, German, Japanese and is presently working on Korean and Chinese adoptions.
Systematic Training for Effective ParentingSeries of booksParent education program
Reflective Parenting is a theory of parenting developed from the work of psychoanalyst Peter Fonagy and his colleagues at the Tavistock Clinic in London. Fonagy introduced the concept of “reflective functioning”, which is defined as the ability to imagine mental states in self and others. Through this capacity for reflection, we develop the ability to understand our own behavioral responses and the responses of others as a meaningful attempt to communicate those inner mental states.
LGBT adoption and parenting in Australia
Family Law in Australia with regard to children is often based on what is considered to be in the best interest of the child. The traditional and often used assumption is that children need both a mother and a father, which plays an important role in divorce and custodial proceedings, and has carried over into adoption and fertility procedures, even though those assertions find no support in the scientific research literature.
LGBT adoption and parenting in AustraliaLGBT rights in AustraliaLGBT adoption
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